The Peking University-Lincoln Institute Center for Urban Development and Land Policy (PLC) was established in 2007. It is a non-profit research and educational institution jointly sponsored by Peking University and the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. The mission of the Center is to conduct high-quality, independent, empirical research on issues related to land, urban, and fiscal policies in China and further the understanding of land policy, property taxation, and urbanization in China and around the world.

Over the past 10 years, the Center has produced a number of outputs in collaboration with a number of international and domestic experts, scholars, practitioners, and policy makers. These outputs include 23 published books in Chinese and English translations, more than 200 working papers, scholarships to over 200 scholars, graduate students, and undergraduate students, 40 research seminars, and 15 training workshops.

Today urbanization is a hot topic in China's reform agenda. It touches a wide range of issues related to land, housing, fiscal policy, planning, investment and finance, environment, and regional development. As a platform to facilitate research, education, training, and idea exchange, the Center will build on the success of the past five years and continue to provide high-quality research and knowledge support to inform the policy reform process. We welcome individuals and agencies who share our mission to support and participate in the Center's programs and activities.

The Peking University - Lincoln Institute Center for Urban Development and Land Policy (PLC) conducts policy research and provides expertise and training on issues and challenges surrounding China’s rapid urbanization, land policy, and public finance.


About the Lincoln Institute

The Lincoln Institute of Land Policy seeks to improve quality of life through the effective use, taxation, and stewardship of land. A nonprofit private operating foundation whose origins date to 1946, the Lincoln Institute researches and recommends creative approaches to land as a solution to economic, social, and environmental challenges. Through education, training, publications, and events, we integrate theory and practice to inform public policy decisions worldwide. With locations in Cambridge, Washington, Phoenix, and Beijing, our work is organized in seven major areas: Planning and Urban Form, Valuation and Taxation, International and Institute-Wide Initiatives, Latin America and the Caribbean, the People's Republic of China, the Babbitt Center for Land and Water Policy, and the Center for Community Investment.

A Brief History of the Lincoln Institute

The Lincoln Institute of Land Policy traces its origins to John C. Lincoln, a Cleveland industrialist and investor who in 1946 established the Lincoln Foundation in Phoenix, Arizona. He was intrigued by the writings of Henry George, as expressed in the book Progress and Poverty (1879), in particular George's ideas about land ownership and taxation. Lincoln created the Foundation to support other institutions in the teaching, research, and publication of information about George's work.

From the late 1940s through the early 1970s, the Lincoln Foundation sponsored a variety of university-based education and research programs on theoretical and applied economics and taxation. In 1966 the Foundation established the John C. Lincoln Institute at the University of Hartford in Connecticut, and in 1968 it supported the creation of the Land Reform Training Institute in Taiwan (renamed the International Center for Land Policy Studies and Training in 1998).

The Lincoln Institute of Land Policy was established as a school in 1974 and became the Foundation's primary grant recipient to develop multidisciplinary education, research, and publications programs. The Lincoln Institute focused on property valuation and taxation policy, urban planning and development, land economics, and property rights. To expand its work internationally, the Institute established the Program on Latin America and the Caribbean in 1993 and the Program on the People's Republic of China in 2003.

In 2006 the Lincoln Foundation and the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy merged to become a private operating foundation. The organization continues its focus on research, publications, and training, while seeking for a more active role in the conversations that shape public policy decisions.

About Peking Unviersity

Peking University is a comprehensive and national key university. The campus, known as "Yan Yuan"(the garden of Yan), is situated at Haidian District in the western suburb of Beijing, with a total area of 2,743,532 square metres (or 274 hectares). It stands near to the Yuanmingyuan Garden and the Summer Palace.

Peking University is proud of its outstanding faculty, including 53 members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 7 members of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE), and 14 members of the Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS).

The university has effectively combined research on important scientific subjects with the training of personnel with a high level of specialized knowledge and professional skill as demanded by the country's socialist modernization. It strives not only for improvements in teaching and research work, but also for the promotion of interaction and mutual promotion among various disciplines.

Thus Peking University has become a center for teaching and research and a university of a new type, embracing diverse branches of learning such as basic and applied sciences, social sciences and the humanities, and sciences of medicine, management, and education. Its aim is to rank among the world's best universities in the future.

A Brief History of Peking University

Founded in 1898, Peking University was originally known as the Imperial University of Peking. It was the first national university covering comprehensive disciplines in China, and has been a leading institution of higher education in China since its establishment. It also served as the highest administration for education at the beginning of its founding.

In 1912, the university adopted its present name. At the end of the 20th century, the Chinese government put Peking University at the top of its agenda for promoting higher education, with the aim to build a world-class university in the 21st Century. After merging with Beijing Medical University in 2000, Peking University once again was strengthened in its disciplinary structure.

Peking University has continually played the essential role of pioneers in the course of China's modernization. The university's traditional emphasis on patriotism, progress, democracy, and science, together with its educational standards of diligence, precision, factualism, and innovation, have been passed down from generation to generation.

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