研究成果

Communicative Planning Approach Under an Undemocratic System: Hong Kong

  • 时间: 2010-03-05 17:40:41
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作    者: Yu-Hung Hong
发表时间: 1998-11-02
概     要:

In recent years, the communicative planning theory has gained a wide recognition
among planners and scholars in the West. Yet, the applicability of this new planning
approach to some Asian countries where democracy is not well developed remains
understudied. This paper examines this issue using Hong Kong as a case. By
combining Habermas’s practicaldiscourse concept with Hirschman’s exit-voice idea,
the author developed an analytical framework that suggests four potential strategies
—exit, voice, persuasion, and coercion—for settling policy disputes. In applying the
framework to two Hong Kong cases related to land-use conflicts, the author found
that involved citizens mainly chose voice as a strategy to express their discontent. In
response, the government countered their tactic through coercion. The parties
selected these strategies because the political structure of Hong Kong was
undemocratic, and their tactical choices were path-dependent. If planners in Hong
Kong want to adopt the communicative planning practice, the government and the
community must work together to invent new institutional arrangements. Some
arrangements could include direct election of the Chief Executive, community
empowerment, mediation, and education on reflectivity.

关 键 词: communicative Planning; Undemocratic System; Hong Kong
 
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