研究成果

Local Officials as Land Developers: Urban Land Expansion in China

  • 时间: 2007-01-01 17:30:44
  • 点击率: 4448
作    者: Erik Lichtenberg &Chengri Ding
发表时间: 2007-01-01
概     要:

We investigate conceptually and empirically the role of economic incentives in

the primary land allocation in China in recent years. A theoretical analysis

demonstrates how recent fiscal and governance reforms give rise to land

conversion decisions and long run urban spatial sizes much like those

generated by competitive land markets with private land ownership. An

econometric investigation of Shanghai and the provinces surrounding it

demonstrates the presence of rent gradients, often used as an indication

of the presence of land markets. It thus appears that economic forces

have continued to exercise dominant influence over primary land allocations

in spite of recent administrative restrictions on land conversion. These rent

gradients are strongest in the most economically developed portions of the

study region and weakest in the least economically developed. Urban land

values exceed agricultural land values by a considerable margin, suggesting

that rates of urbanization will continue to be rapid. The estimated rent

gradients also suggest that much of this region will eventually become

completely urbanized.

关 键 词: Urban Land Expansion
 
WPS200701.PDF