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【课程安排】2015年暑期高级培训班“规划、法律和产权”

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北大-林肯中心2015年暑期高级培训班

规划、法律和产权

201576-10

北京大学

    北大-林肯中心将于2015年暑假期间继续“培训培训者(Training the Trainers)”项目。本年度培训的主题为“规划、法律和产权”,北大-林肯中心将邀请该领域三位国际知名学者进行授课。他们是荷兰阿纳姆-内梅亨大学Barrie Needham荣休教授、美国威斯康辛大学麦迪逊分校Harvay M. Jacobs教授和澳大利亚格里菲斯大学Darryl Low Charles Choy教授。三位教授的授课内容如下:

 Barrie Needham(荷兰阿纳姆-内梅亨大学荣休教授)

1、土地市场,产权和所有制结构

什么是土地产权?土地产权对哪些人有用处?土地产权怎么行使以及由谁行使?怎样约束土地产权的行使过程?与特定产权相关的权利和义务;必要时谁来强制行使产权?产权与法律制度的关系;产权市场;产权的价值评估?不同的财产所有制;土地开发过程中产权的作用。

2、在土地市场中规划和土地利用法规的作用

不同类型的规划工具,不同类型的土地利用法规:使用这些工具和法规可以规范产权的使用和转移;

公共规划和私人产权之间的相互作用;对于土地市场和土地价值的意义:价值损失补偿?获取最大利益?

在政府规制他人如何使用产权和政府主动买卖私有产权这两种情况下,公共的土地利用规划可能被滥用于谋取经济利益,通过什么方式可以抵制这种情况的发生?

3、案例研究:荷兰的空间规划

通过引用一个证据充分的荷兰大规模开发的具体案例来证明上述第12部分的观点。

Harvay M. Jacobs(美国威斯康辛大学麦迪逊分校教授)

1、土地产权的演变:国际比较

控制和拥有土地的能力最常表示为控制和拥有与土地有关的某些权利的能力。这种所谓的权利组合中包含的权利在不同的国家有所区别,并且随着社会价值以及科学技术的变化而变化。探讨美国和法国两个国家从革命时期到现在以及未来的土地产权的演变,并对两个国家的土地产权进行比较。

2、耕地保护、土地征收和管制性征收

政府对私有土地和已利用地的管理权和征收权在世界上任何不同发展阶段,不同法律体系的国家都是备受争议的主题。以发达国家对耕地保护措施作为案例,探讨不同国家如何寻求个人权利、政府权利(代表公众)与市场之间的平衡。

 3、案例研究:美国的规划法律与实践

美国是一个高度行政和财政分权的国家,有强大私有产权体系,允许人们质疑政府的行为和干预,并充分尊重市场行为。根据这些特点,探讨美国规划法律与实践的挑战及压力。

Darryl Low Charles Choy(澳大利亚格里菲斯大学教授)

1、大都市区规划体系的法律基础:澳大利亚视角

本部分将阐述土地使用权是如何从与土地所有权相关产权截然不同的土地利用规划系统法律中引申而来。以澳大利亚为例探讨这样的体系对土地私有制下大都市区规划的意义。

2、通过法定的土地利用规划进行城市增长管理:支撑法律框架

以第1部分内容为基础,通过澳大利亚区域案例研究探讨以法定土地利用规划进行城市增长管理的支撑法律框架。该法律框架涵盖该体系所需的法律,并且满足区域不同管理层级中协作规划的要求,还将规划体系中公众参与的作用纳入考虑。

3、通过大都市区法定土地利用规划保护环境基础设施和文化资源

通过澳大利亚的地区案例研究来阐述公共财产及其保护和管理中土地利用规划的用途(公共财产主要是指环境基础设施和文化资源)。 

注:每次授课时间为3小时,其中包括半小时的休息时间。

 

 

Training the Trainers Program

Planning, Law and Property Rights

July 6-10, 2015

Peking University

 Prof. Barrie Needham, Emeritus Professor of Spatial Planning, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands

1.        Land market, property right and tenure structure

What are rights in landed property? For whom are they useful? How and by whom may they be exercised? How may that exercise be restricted? The rights and the duties associated with a particular property right. Who enforces the exercise of property rights when necessary? Relationship with the legal system. Markets in property rights. How can a right be valued? Different types of property regimes / tenure. The role which property rights play when land is developed

2.        The role of planning and land use regulation in land market

Different types of planning instruments, and different types of land-use regulations. The use of those instruments and regulations can restrict the use of property rights, and/or restrict the transfer of property rights. Interaction between public planning and private property rights. What that means for land markets. And for the value of landed property. Compensation for loss of value? Creaming off betterment? Land-use planning when the government regulates how others use their property rights, and land-use planning when the government actively buys and sells property rights. In both cases, public planning can be misused for financial gain: ways of combatting this.

3.        Case study: The Dutch spatial planning

The aim here is to illustrate some of the general points made in the first two sessions by reference to one particular and well-documented case of large-scale development in the Netherlands.

Prof. Harvey Jacobs, Professor of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin- Madison, USA

1.        Evolution of property rights in land: international comparison

The ability to control and own land is most often expressed as the ability to control and own certain rights associated with land. What is contained within the so-called bundle of rights is different in different countries, and in all countries has changed (and is changing) as a function of changing social values and changing technology. This presentation examines this evolution and comparison from the time of the American and French Revolutions to the present and into the future.

2.        Farmland preservation, land expropriation, regulatory takings

The right of government to regulate privately owned and used land, and the parallel right of government to expropriate privately owned and used land are subjects of great controversy in countries around the world. This is true no matter a country’s stage of development or their specific legal system.  Using the case example of efforts for farmland preservation in developed countries, this presentation examines how different countries seek to balance the right of individuals, the right of government (representing the public), and the right of the market.

3.        Case study: planning law and practices in the U.S.

The United States is a country with a high level of administrative and fiscal decentralization, a strong system of private property rights, general skepticism about governmental action and intervention, and a strong respect for market activity. Given these characteristics, this presentation examines the challenges of – and tensions within – planning law and practice in the U.S.

  Prof. Darryl Low Choy, Professor of Environment and Landscape Planning, Griffith University, Australia

1.        Legal underpinnings of metropolitan planning systems: an Australian perspective

This presentation will establish how land use rights can be derived from the statutory land use planning systems as opposed to property rights associated with land ownership. Using an Australia case study, it will then examine the implications for metropolitan planning of such a system where land is predominantly held in private ownership.

2.        Metropolitan growth management through statutory land use planning: the supporting legal framework

The second presentation will build on the first and examine the legal framework supporting a statutory land use planning approach to metropolitan growth management. It will cover the legal head of power required for such a system and the ensuring collaborative planning requirements within a regional administrative hierarchy. It will also briefly consider the role of public engagement in this planning system. This presentation will be supported with an Australian regional case study.

3.        Protection of environmental infrastructure and cultural assets through metropolitan statutory land use planning:

The focus for the final presentation will shift to the public estate and how statutory land use planning can be employed for the protection and management of public assets (predominantly environmental infrastructure and cultural resources). It will address these issues through the len of the previous Australian regional case study.

Note: Each session is expected to take 3 hours, including a 0.5 hour break

 

 

“规划、法律和产权”高级培训班申请须知

培训对象:国内高等院校及相关研究机构从事教学和科研的工作人员,一般要求获得博士学位,特别优秀者可放宽学历要求;已经参加过前几期培训的人员将不予考虑。

培训人数:60名,优先录取具有博士学位、英语水平高、从事相关领域研究和教学的青年教师;

培训时间:201576-10日;

培训地点:北京大学校内;

培训费用:北大-林肯中心将承担与培训相关的食宿、资料等费用,路费由学员自理;

培训成果:对顺利完成培训的学员发放结业证书。

报名材料:1)中文简历;2)博士/硕士学位证书扫描件;3)报名的目的及意义(限1500字)。

申请须知:1)在线申请地址为:http://www.plc.pku.edu.cn/index.php?optionid=729 (恕不接受其他形式申请,请附个人学术简历) 2)申请起始时间:201511日-515日;3)联系人:金涛(电话010-62756535;邮箱:jint@plc.pku.edu.cn